Sermon - 19th April 2006


by Jon Bowles


There is an event that probably took place today, because on the Last Day of Unleavened Bread, according to what it says in Josephus, Jericho fell. Turn over to Joshua 4:19, and if we start to pick it up we here see that it says:

"And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day of the first month..." (Joshua 4:19)

Now that's a significant day; the tenth day of the first month was the time when they would select the Passover Lamb, and they would put it to one side, and it would be there in kind of the environs of the house, and be specifically selected for that purpose. So, they were going through the Jordan, and the Jordan was miraculously held back, at that particular time. Joshua 4:19:

"...and encamped in Gilgal [just a mental note that they are now in Gilgal, because we will come back to that a little bit further on in the sermon], in the east border of Jericho. And those twelve stones, which they took out of Jordan, did Joshua pitch in Gilgal. And he spake unto the children of Israel, saying, When your children shall ask their fathers in time to come, saying, What mean these stones? Then ye shall let your children know, saying, Israel came over this Jordan on dry land." (Joshua 4:19-22)

In other words, they actually went to the riverbed of the Jordan and selected the largest stones they could find in the riverbed with all the waters backed up behind the Ark of the Covenant; and they selected these stones, twelve of them - the leaders of each of the tribes - and built this monument. Joshua 4:23:

"For the [Eternal] your God dried up the waters of Jordan from before you, until ye were passed over, as the [Eternal] your God did to the Red sea [here we are finding on the same period of time as we find ourselves in today, just coming into the time of Unleavened Bread, they were entering into the Promised Land], which he dried up from before us, until we were gone over: That all the people of the earth might know the hand of the [Eternal], that it is mighty: that ye might fear the [Eternal] your God for ever." (Joshua 4:23-24)

Joshua 5:1:

"And it came to pass, when all the kings of the Amorites, which were on the side of Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, which were by the sea, heard that the [Eternal] had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel, until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel." (Joshua 5:1)

Now what Josephus actually says about this particular event – we need to understand something. He says in 'Antiquities of the Jews', Book 5, chapter 1, paragraph 3:

"Now while Joshua, the commander, was in fear about their passing over Jordan, for the river ran with a strong current, and could not be passed over with bridges, for there never had been bridges laid over it hitherto..."

So, there had never been a bridge across this particular section of the Jordan. Remember, it goes down into the Red Sea. So, here they were and they were going to have to come across into the Promised Land, having defeated the nations on the Eastern side of the Dead Sea. Josephus continues:

"...and while he suspected, that if he should attempt to make a bridge, that their enemies would not afford him thee to perfect it, and for ferry-boats they had none..." (Antiquities of the Jews, Book 5, chapter 1, paragraph 3)

So, without this miracle from God, they couldn't even come into the Promised Land. So, the fact that they were able to walk in there with the Ark, the Levites, and stop the Jordan; and it was a type of going through the Red Sea again. And it was at this time of year, and if you notice, it goes into the fact that they were then circumcised, which they had to do to keep the Passover, and in Joshua 5:10 it says:

"And the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the month [presumably they went to camp in Gilgal around the 10th of the month, were circumcised, recovering from that, and then on the 14th day they kept the Passover as they were instructed] at even in the plains of Jericho." (Joshua 5:10)

Jericho was fairly close by. If you notice in Joshua 6:2 it says:

"And the [Eternal] said unto Joshua, See, I have given into thine hand Jericho, and the king thereof, and the mighty men of valour. And ye shall compass the city, all ye men of war, and go round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days." (Joshua 6:2-3)

Now, what we are looking at, at this time, if I just pick up what Josephus has to say about that. He points out and says:

"...the Canaanites did not attack them, but kept themselves quiet within their own walls, Joshua resolved to besiege them; so on the first day of the feast, the priests carried the ark round about..." (Antiquities of the Jews, Book 5, chapter 1, paragraph 5)

So, Josephus makes it very clear that it was the first day of the feast that he went around once and then every day of the feast they went around until this day that we are in today, and they took the city. It was on this day, that the city was taken, and again, Josephus actually brings out this sin of Achan. All the wealth that was in that city, all the gold and silver, and that type of wealth - everything else was wiped out, utterly destroyed - but that type of wealth was to be firstfruits, and it was to be counted as firstfruits as they went into the land. So, there's symbolism throughout this particular event that took place.

Another thing that is quite interesting in the Antiquities of the Jews, in sub-note 9, it says here:

"...but an earlier author, Moses Chorenensis and perhaps from his original author Mariba Carina, one that is as old as than Alexander the Great, sets down in the famous inscription at Tangier concerning the old Canaanites that were driven out, of Palestine by Joshua, take here in that author's own words [so here, they found this inscription and what the inscription said was]: 'We are those exiles that were governors of the Canaanites, but have been driven away by Joshua the robber, and have come to be inhabitants here'..."

So, that was actually on an inscription, and they found this inscription, which I presume was at that particular time, which backs up the claim very succinctly, that was being made. So, for seven days they went round, and on this day, that actually took place - the walls came down and they took the city. Turn over to Hebrews 11:30, this is not a meaning of the day sermon, but here I want you to notice what happened. How did the walls come down? What, in fact caused the walls to come down? It says:

"By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after they were compassed about seven days." (Hebrews 11:30)

So, there is an element within the story of Jericho, within the story that is all surrounding that time. Notice in Hebrews 12:1 it says:

"Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses [so many witnesses of faith], let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us," (Hebrews 12:1)

We have got to be able to look back at this time and be able to see the examples that are being given to us and been left to us and we have got to then learn from them; and learn from them in our own life, that we are living at the close of this age. Because there are going to be things that we are very likely to have to go through where we are going to have to exhibit the same kind of faith and trust God in a physical way, as well as just a spiritual way as well.

What I would like to do today is I would like to examine the human leader that was there at that time; and just have a look at this faith that was involved. Because there are many things about Joshua that we have a great deal to learn from. A great deal to learn from.

Another thing is, he was the one who was there after Moses died. Moses, God dealt with specifically, but then the Israelites had to go into the Promised Land after Moses had gone. They had to continue with the heritage, the spiritual heritage that they had from Moses. The key instrument in that was Joshua. So, when we are looking at ourselves at this particular time in history, we are not yet in the Kingdom of God. Mr Armstrong was prophesied to come in the spirit and power of Elijah, has been and died, and we have got to go forward with the same spiritual heritage that has been delivered to us. The qualities that we can see in Joshua certainly, I believe, will help us in that task. The five areas I want to cover:

1. Background about Joshua.

2. The different attitude of mind. The different spirit that was in him, and show the scriptures that talk about this; how there was a distinct difference with Joshua and also Caleb as well.

3. How he was not only just taught by Moses, he was actually taught with Moses. God was actually teaching him, by and with Moses.

4. How he was actually taught by Christ, in person. Christ was dealing with him in a very personal way.

5. What happened after he died. How this individual and those around him were the ones who kept Israel on the straight and narrow, and after he had gone and after those around him had gone. What happened to Israel was just astounding really when you think about what the nation had gone through.

Background (PLAY FROM 10:44)

So lets have a look at a little bit of the background to Joshua. Let's turn over to Numbers 1:1, and just read a little bit about where he came from. A common view that people can have, when you are looking at Joshua is that he was a servant of Moses, and he was something almost like a slave - a slave of Moses. So, here he was some low, common slave, that happened to get in on the inside and manage to make it big. Well, that's a load of nonsense! That's not the way it was at all. Here I want you to notice certain things that are actually said:

"And the [Eternal] spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of the congregation, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying, Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel...[Verse 4] And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers." (Numbers 1:1-2,4)

Now these people, notice in Numbers 1:16:

"These were the renowned of the congregation, princes of the tribes of their fathers, heads of thousands in Israel." (Numbers 1:16)

These were THE key individuals throughout all of Israel, the entirety of the nation, one for each tribe. I want you to notice in Numbers 1:10:

"Of the children of Joseph: of Ephraim; Elishama the son of Ammihud..." (Numbers 1:10)

Now you can read straight over that. Who is this Elishama? Well, it was Joshua's grandfather. Now Joshua was the son of Nun. Nun was the son of Elishama. Put in your notes; "Laadan his son, Ammihud his son, Elishama his son. Non his son, Jehoshuah his son." (I Chronicles 7:26-27) which actually gives this sequence. But I wanted to show you that his grandfather, was the leader of Ephraim, Ephraim being the principal tribe. If not the principal tribe, certainly one of the principal tribes; when we think of Joseph and the standing that he had.

So, when we are looking at Joshua, he was no ordinary individual. He was somebody who was of a princely family of the top princely family in Ephraim. If you turn over to Exodus 17:8, when we first find him being mentioned, we can then, having looked at his genealogy a little bit, we can understand therefore why - suddenly when he is mentioned - he is the head of the army; because here in notice it says:

"Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim. And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand." (Exodus 17:8-9)

So, he went to Joshua. Was it just because he was his servant? No. It's because he was the young man as the head of the tribe of Ephraim, the principal tribe that was there, one of the principal tribes. Notice, it says in Exodus 17:14:

"And the [Eternal] said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven." (Exodus 7:14)

So, even at that early stage, it was the first battle that occurred, Joshua was being selected by God. God knew what He was going to do. He was being selected by God as a prince within Israel.

Now when we are looking at his age, you say; "Well, how old was he? Was he only a young boy of sixteen or seventeen?" Well, no he wasn't; at that particular time, he would be about 45 years old. The reasoning is, you can put in your notes; Joshua 24:29, and Judges 2:8. He died at age 110. Now again, when we go to Josephus, this is again from Antiquities of the Jews, Book 5, chapter 1, paragraph 29:

"So Joshua, when he had thus discoursed to them, died, having lived a hundred and ten years; forty of which he lived with Moses [40 years he lived with Moses in the wilderness, obviously, all the way through the time in the wilderness], in order to learn what might be for his advantage afterwards. He also became their commander after his death for twenty-five years..." (Antiquities of the Jews, Book 5, chapter 1, paragraph 29)

There's the key; you take 25 years off the 110, and you get to 85. So, he was 85 when Moses died, so, he must have been 45 when he came through the Red Sea and came out of Egypt.

If you go back 45 years before, what happened? Moses left Egypt. So, he was born around the time that Moses was actually thrown out of Egypt. He lived as a slave, a prince within Ephraim, and then came out at a prime age of about 45; and came into the prominence, became really Moses' right-hand man.

Now, we find in Numbers 13:1 his name was not Joshua initially. His name initially was Hosea.

"And the [Eternal] spake unto Moses, saying, Send thou men, that they may search the land of Canaan, which I give unto the children of Israel: of every tribe of their fathers shall ye send a man, every one a ruler among them [this is why Joshua was sent with the spies, he was a ruler within Ephraim, one from each tribe, each one of these individuals was a prince or ruler within the tribe]. And Moses by the commandment of the [Eternal] sent them from the wilderness of Paran: all those men were heads of the children of Israel." (Numbers 13:1-3)

Every single one of the spies. They were not just ordinary people. They were people that had been trained, that were princes within the tribes. When we come to Numbers 13:8 notice it says:

"Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea [or Hosea, that is exactly the same word as you find as the prophet Hosea] the son of Nun." (Numbers 13:8)

And in Numbers 13:16 it says:

"These are the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Oshea[Hosea] the son of Nun Jehoshua." (Numbers 13:16)

Or Jehoshua, or Hoshea or Yehovah Hosea. In other words, Hosea means my salvation, rescue, (Strong's H1954). But Joshua means rescue by the Eternal, (Strong's H3091.) And it was rescue by the Eternal which was important in Joshua's life, and the thing that Joshua needed to understand. And that is why Jesus Christ, 'Jesus' in Greek,(Strong's G2424,) is 'Joshua' in Hebrew. It was because by the Eternal who would bring salvation.

So, even as we look at the background, this man was something special, he really was something special.

A Different Spirit (PLAY FROM 18:09)

But God wasn't looking at just the genealogy. He wasn't just looking at the fact that Joshua was a leader within Ephraim. He was looking at the heart. He was looking at the type of person that this individual was. As we go into the second point - that it was a different attitude that was visible in Joshua and also Caleb - we can see this in Numbers 13. If you notice in verse 30 it talks about Caleb:

"And Caleb stilled the people before Moses [Caleb was the prince of Judah that was actually sent in there], and said, Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it. But the men that went up with him said, We be not able to go up against the people; for they are stronger than we. And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, is a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature." (Numbers 13:30-32)

In other words; "We can't do it!" Then in Numbers 14:2 it says:

"And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness!" (Numbers 14:2) Rather than going up and inheriting this land that we have got to go into. Down in Numbers 14:6 it says:

"And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of them that searched the land, [tore] their clothes:" (Numbers 14:6)

So, here they were, these were two princes, each a head of the tribes, one of whom was Joshua. And both of them had the same attitude of mind. They had the same outlook on life as far as what they had seen and what they felt could happen. Remember, it talks about the walls of Jericho coming down by faith. It says in Numbers 14:7:

"And they spake unto all the company of the children of Israel, saying, The land, which we passed through to search it, is an exceeding good land. If the [Eternal] delight in us, then he will bring us into this land, and give it us; a land which floweth with milk and honey." (Numbers 14:7)

They trusted God - the essence of faith. That is what it says over in Hebrews 11. All these things were witnesses. We're surrounded by these types of witnesses of people who were carnal people, by all accounts. They didn't have the Spirit of God the way that you and I do, from all we can tell. Yet, they had trust in God. Christ Himself said; "...Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth?" (Luke 18:8). Numbers 14:9:

"Only rebel not ye against the [Eternal], neither fear ye the people of the land; for they are bread for us: their defence is departed from them, and the [Eternal] is with us: fear them not. But all the congregation bade stone them with stones. And the glory of the [Eternal] appeared in the tabernacle of the congregation before all the children of Israel. And the [Eternal] said unto Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me, for all the signs which I have shewed among them?" (Numbers 14:9-11)

They had just come through the Red Sea! They are having manna every day! They have the Sabbath where they don't have manna. They have seen the water come out of the rock. They have seen all of these things. They stood before Horeb, and yet they don't believe. As it goes on to explain in Numbers 14:22:

"Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice; Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it: But my servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and hath followed me fully [this attitude of mind, this frame of mind], him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it." (Numbers 14:22-24)

And notice in Numbers 14:28:

"Say unto them, As truly as I live, saith the [Eternal], as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you: Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward which have murmured against me. Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun [these two individuals]. But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey..." (Numbers 14:28-31)

What has happened in the Church? When you look at what's actually taken place within the Church - looking at the people that have been in the Church years ago, back in the 1960's, some may have had this frame of mind; "and our little ones are going to be a prey!" Yet, it is now those people - the 'little ones'- that will be going into the Kingdom of God. In many cases, the parents have gone.

"...them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. [Verse 36] And the men, which Moses sent to search the land, who returned, and made all the congregation to murmur against him, by bringing up a slander upon the land, Even those men that did bring up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before the [Eternal, they were executed by God personally]. But Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of the men that went to search the land, lived still." (Numbers 14:31,36-38)

Because of the different spirit. Because of the different way of looking at what in fact, God could do. This is why it's important that we actually look at Joshua, and we look at these events and we also learn from them; and learn about this spirit, what kind of spirit was there, what kind of attitude of mind was there. Turn over to Numbers 27:12 and notice:

"And the [Eternal] said unto Moses, Get thee up into this mount Abarim, and see the land which I have given unto the children of Israel [this is at the point of his death]. And when thou hast seen it, thou also shalt be gathered unto thy people, as Aaron thy brother was gathered. For ye rebelled against my commandment in the desert of Zin, in the strife of the congregation, to sanctify me at the water before their eyes: that is the water of Meribah in Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin." (Numbers 27:12-14)

Because he didn't give God the glory. He said; "Now you rabble - you want US to get water out of this rock!" He didn't point them to God which he should have done; and it is important that all of us learn that lesson as well, and for that he had to die. Numbers 27:15:

"And Moses spake unto the [Eternal], saying, Let the [Eternal], the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation [YOU can judge the minds, the spirit of all flesh, what is actually behind each individual], Which may go out before them, and which may go in before them, and which may lead them out, and which may bring them in; that the congregation of the [Eternal] be not as sheep which have no shepherd. And the [Eternal] said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit, and lay thine hand upon him;" (Numbers 27:15-18)

Now he had the right approach. He had the right mental outlook. That type of spirit that was being talked about by Moses in the preceding verses. Numbers 27:19:

"And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation [Eleazar being the son of Aaron, and Phineas was the son of Eleazar]; and give him a charge in their sight. And thou shalt put some of thine honour upon him, that all the congregation of the children of Israel may be obedient. And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel for him after the judgment of Urim before the [Eternal] : [They are using the Urim and Thummim, much as David did when the priests of Nob gave him also the ability to ask God a question and have the answer come through the Urim and Thummim]: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation. And Moses did as the [Eternal] commanded him: and he took Joshua, and set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation: And he laid his hands upon him, and gave him a charge, as the [Eternal] commanded by the hand of Moses." (Numbers 27:19-23)

So, he laid hands on Joshua and passed his authority across to this individual, to take the children of Israel across into the Promised Land. And if we turn over to Numbers 32:11 - again this different attitude, the reason why this was done.

"Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly followed me [they were not dedicated to God, their mind was off on whatever they feared, their mind was on other things]: Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite, and Joshua the son of Nun: for they have wholly followed the [Eternal]." (Numbers 32:11-12)

That is the difference, that was the different spirit. Even in a carnal way this was the difference that God noticed and was the reason why God actually selected and placed this prince of Ephraim as the commander of all of Israel as he went into the Promised Land.

Taught By and With Moses (PLAY FROM 28:40)

Going onto the third point, the qualities that Joshua had; it wasn't just Moses that was teaching him, it was God also. We will come on and see certain specifics there; but Joshua was actually with Moses at some remarkable times - quite remarkable times.

Turn over to Exodus 24:12, now here again, we are looking at the very beginning section; they'd had Jesus Christ - as it was - thunder from Sinai in Exodus 20, but notice here:

"And the [Eternal] said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them [this was the time when the Commandments were given on the tables of stone by God Himself, Now notice;] And Moses rose up, and his minister [servant] Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God. And he said unto the elders [the other elders from the tribes that were there], Tarry ye here for us [so Joshua went up into the mount with Moses], until we come again unto you: and, behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matters to do, let him come unto them. And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount. And the glory of the [Eternal] abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the seventh day he called unto Moses [specifically] out of the midst of the cloud." (Exodus 24:12-16)

So, Moses went into the cloud, and Joshua then, was waiting for him. But Joshua was there at the time that Moses went up, so the two of them were involved in this particular incident. If you notice in Numbers 32:15, this was when they were coming down. Again, it shows that Joshua was up there in the mount when Moses was getting the two tables of stone and here it says:

"And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written [two tables written on each side]. And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables. And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said unto Moses, There is a noise of war in the camp [so, the two of them were coming down; again, he was involved even in this incident]. And he said, It is not the voice of them that shout for mastery, neither is it the voice of them that cry for being overcome: but the noise of them that sing do I hear." (Exodus 32:15-18)

Obviously, we see the problem that they had. Interestingly just turn with me to I Corinthians 4:1. We find here, because he was a minister of Moses, he was the servant of Moses, he was somebody who was subservient to what Moses' wishes were; but he was there with Moses in many cases as we will go on and see. In that sense, the glory that God gave to Moses also went on to Joshua as well. Here Paul points out, and he is talking about ministers, he says:

"Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God. Moreover it is required in [a steward or] stewards, that a man be found faithful." (I Corinthians 4:1-2)

One of the predominant things within someone who is a minister, the predominant thing is that they are faithful to what is over them. Because what is over them in the case of a minister of God, is God Himself. So, this is why we are here right now because we cannot find somebody over us who in fact, has been faithful in the way that he needs to have been to what was placed over him. Titus 1:7 is talking about a bishop or overseer:

"For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God [he is fulfilling God's will, and he is a steward, he is a servant, he is somebody who goes and waits at tables, he is a waiter, he is a minister]; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker [not somebody who solves things with his fist], not given to filthy [money]; But a lover of hospitality, a lover of [good things, Strong's G5358], sober, just, holy, temperate; Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers." (Titus 1:7-9)

So, he is able to actually administer the word as taught, being the faithful steward that Paul was mentioning over in I Corinthians 4. Of course, the classic one; "Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown." (Revelation 3:11). It is incumbent on all of us that we hold that fast which we have, that no man takes our crown within what was the Philadelphia era of the Church. Turn back if you would, to Exodus 33:7 again. When we are looking at how he was being taught with Moses and by Moses here we find:

"And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it [outside] the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation. And it came to pass, that every one which sought the [Eternal] went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, which was [outside] the camp." (Exodus 33:7)

So the tabernacle was well away from the camp and he went out to the tabernacle, Moses himself, and in Exodus 33:11:

"And the [Eternal] spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man [he was 45, but compared to Moses he was a young man], departed not out of the tabernacle." (Exodus 33:11)

So, here again he had gone with Moses, he again had been witnessing these things, he again was being taught with Moses and he was accompanying Moses in these instances. Turn over to Deuteronomy 31:7, here it says:

"And Moses called unto Joshua, and said unto him in the sight of all Israel, Be strong and of a good courage: for thou must go with this people unto the land which the [Eternal] hath sworn unto their fathers to give them; and thou shalt cause them to inherit it [so, here was Moses instructing Joshua specifically]. And the [Eternal], he it is that doth go before thee; he will be with thee, he will not fail thee, neither forsake thee: fear not, neither be dismayed." (Deuteronomy 31:7-8)

So, Moses was encouraging Joshua, the same as Joshua and Caleb were saying; "Look, don't be fearful. We are going into the land and possess it." That was forty years before.

We also are to be kings and priests. We also are going to have to have the same kind of mentality. A certain backbone needs to be there. The things that we have learned within the apostasy of the Church is to determine that backbone. God wants to see whether the backbone is there and whether it is in fact, wholly to the Eternal. That we are wholly going after the ways of God, and not dabbling in areas that we shouldn't be dabbling in.

Taught Directly by Christ (PLAY FROM 38:11)

So, we have seen how Joshua was taught by and with Moses. Here in Deuteronomy 31:14, notice what it says; you can see how he is actually being taught by God, very much. He is being taught with Moses as we have just seen, and it just flows straight into this section, this is the section I want you to notice and this is point four:

"And the [Eternal] said unto Moses, Behold, thy days approach that thou must die: call Joshua, and present yourselves in the tabernacle of the congregation, that I may give him a charge [so, here was Jesus Christ specifically dealing with Joshua]. And Moses and Joshua went, and presented themselves in the tabernacle of the congregation. And the [Eternal] appeared in the tabernacle in a pillar of a cloud: and the pillar of the cloud stood over the door of the tabernacle. And the [Eternal] said unto Moses, Behold, thou shalt sleep with thy fathers; and this people will rise up, and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land, whither they go to be among them, and will forsake me, and break my covenant which I have made with them." (Deuteronomy 31:14)

So, the information that Moses knew that this was actually going to be happening came from God Himself, but the information came into the song, if you notice in Deuteronomy 31:19 it says:

"Now therefore write ye this song for you, and teach it the children of Israel: put it in their mouths, that this song may be a witness for me against the children of Israel. [Verse 22] Moses therefore wrote this song the same day, and taught it the children of Israel. And he gave Joshua the son of Nun a charge, and said, Be strong and of a good courage: for thou shalt bring the children of Israel into the land which I sware unto them: and I will be with thee. [Verse 28] Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them. For I know [this was because God had told him] that after my death ye will utterly corrupt yourselves, and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the latter days [notice what he is talking about, he goes all the way through to the latter days, to the time we are in today, it is right the way through that this is going to be the case]; because ye will do evil in the sight of the [Eternal], to provoke him to anger through the work of your hands [we certainly find that today]. And Moses spake in the ears of all the congregation of Israel the words of this song, until they were ended." (Deuteronomy 31:19,22-23,28-30)

Notice in Deuteronomy 32:44:

"And Moses came and spake all the words of this song in the ears of the people, he, and Hoshea [Joshua] the son of Nun." (Deuteronomy 32:44)

So, it was Joshua as well that had this responsibility to deliver the message of this song of Moses to the people. We find right at the end in Deuteronomy 34:9 notice:

"And Joshua the son of Nun was full of the spirit of wisdom; for Moses had laid his hands upon him: and the children of Israel [listened] unto him, and did as the [Eternal] commanded Moses." (Deuteronomy 34:9)

So again, he was a faithful steward administering the words of God through Moses faithfully. He was full of that Spirit of wisdom in being able to do this. In Joshua 1:1, you go straight into the Book of Joshua, it says:

"Now after the death of Moses the servant of the [Eternal] it came to pass, that the [Eternal] spake unto Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' minister, saying, Moses my servant is dead; now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, thou, and all this people, unto the land which I do give to them, even to the children of Israel. Every place that the sole of your foot shall tread upon, that have I given unto you, as I said unto Moses. From the wilderness and this Lebanon even unto the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and unto the great sea toward the going down of the sun, shall be your coast." (Joshua 1:1-4)

So, from the Mediterranean right the way across to the Euphrates. That's an awful lot of land! An incredible amount of land. Joshua 1:5:

"There shall not any man be able to stand before thee all the days of thy life: as I was with Moses, so I will be with thee: I will not fail thee, nor forsake thee. Be strong and of a good courage: for unto this people shalt thou divide for an inheritance the land, which I sware unto their fathers to give them." (Joshua 1:5-6)

Now we are going into the Kingdom of God. We need the same kind of backbone. We need the same kind of attitude of mind. The kind of mind that is being described. Joshua 1:7:

"Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou mayest observe to do according to all the law, which Moses my servant commanded thee: turn not from it to the right hand or to the left, that thou mayest prosper withersoever thou goest. This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night [this is what, in fact, was said to the kings, and he was to be the prince that was leading Israel at that time; and we are to be kings and priests], that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success. Have not I commanded thee? Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed: for the [Eternal] thy God is with thee whithersoever thou goest." (Joshua 1:7-9)

That is true also, of us. If you would and just turn back to Exodus 23:20, because you ask the question; "Well how did that actually occur? How did He actually speak to Joshua?" Notice:

"Behold, I send an Angel [a Messenger] before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared." (Exodus 23:20)

Now this Messenger, as we will come on to see, was Christ Himself. We will see that this Messenger actually talked with Joshua, and this Messenger specifically, was Christ. Exodus 23:21

"Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name is in him. But if thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries. For mine Angel [my Messenger] shall go before thee, and bring thee in unto the Amorites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites: and I will cut them off. Thou shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their works: but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, and quite break down their images. And ye shall serve the [Eternal] your God, and he shall bless thy bread, and thy water; and I will take sickness away from the midst of thee." (Exodus 23:21-25)

So, the blessing on the food and also the blessing of taking away disease from them as well. Go back to Joshua again. In this case, turn over to Joshua 5:13 this section we read right at the very beginning, which talks about this area in Gilgal. So, here he was at Gilgal, just outside Jericho, and here it says:

"And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho [he had gone out walking, gone away from Gilgal and gone towards Jericho just to have a look at the place], that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou for us, or for our adversaries [basically, asking which side are you on]? And he said, Nay; but as captain of the host of the [Eternal] am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant? And the captain of the [Eternal's] host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy foot; for the place whereon thou standest is holy. And Joshua did so." (Joshua 5:13-15)

That was Jesus Christ. That was God. That's why He said, "Get your shoes off." The same way as the burning bush. Here was Joshua being taught by Jesus Christ specifically, in person. This is the way in which this Messenger would appear. Notice as it says in Joshua 5:10:

"And the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the month at even in the plains of Jericho." (Joshua 5:10)

So, it was Gilgal, or around that area that this event took place. That this Messenger, Jesus Christ appeared to Joshua at that area. If you turn over to Judges 2:1, we find a reference being made back:

"And an angel of the [Eternal] came up from Gilgal [had he been in Gilgal all that time? No; that was the last time that this angel, this Messenger of the Eternal's host had been seen] to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers..." (Judges 2:1)

Who is speaking? Who is this Messenger? Notice it says in Judges 2:1:

"...I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I said, I will never break my covenant with you. And ye shall make no league with the inhabitants of this land..."

So, this incident here at Bochim - and nobody knows where Bochim is. There is no place called Bochim. The reason why it's called Bochim is that Bochim means weeping, (Strong's H1066), because Israel wept. They wept in this area because of what was being said to them. Judges 2:2:

" shall throw down their altars: but ye have not obeyed my voice: why have ye done this? [He really pasted them for it because there was a real problem] Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be as thorns in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you." (Judges 2:2-3)

You are going to have some real problems. This was being said and taught by Christ. Turn over to John 6:44 because we also are taught by Christ. As we will go on and see, Joshua was faithful to the Word that was delivered to him. Even though he was being taught by Christ directly, he was still faithful to the Word of Christ that came through Moses, because the two Words are the same. Here this classic verse that Mr Armstrong read over and over again:

"No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him [each one of us is here because we have been drawn, we have been called]: and I will raise him up at the last day [notice the very next verse]. It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me." (John 6:44-45)

So, no man comes to me unless the Father that sent me, draws him. So, he has learned of the Father and his mind has been opened. He has been drawn. Then who does he come to? Well, this Living Word which the Book of John talks about, the Living Word of God and the Word of God is open to us. The very picture of Unleavened Bread. Here this Living Word then says; "...hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me." (John 6:45). Here, we see if we go back to Joshua and Judges, here is this Living Word, the Logos of old, who is specifically instructing Joshua. Specifically giving him the information that he needed and He was working with him. Let's go to Joshua 4:10 and we will just have a look at the way in which Joshua administered what was given to him,. Let's look and see this faithfulness:

"For the priests which bare the ark stood in the midst of Jordan, until everything was finished that the [Eternal] commanded Joshua to speak unto the people, according to all that Moses commanded Joshua: and the people hasted and passed over." (Joshua 4:10)

So, Moses made the command, Joshua then carried it out. He was being a faithful steward in actually doing so. Turn over to Joshua 8:30 and we find another reference to this, how he was faithfully following this.

"Then Joshua built an altar unto the [Eternal] God of Israel in mount Ebal, As Moses the servant of the [Eternal] commanded the children of Israel, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of whole stones, over which no man hath lift up any iron: and they offered thereon burnt offerings unto the [Eternal], and sacrificed peace offerings. And he wrote there upon the stones a copy of the law of Moses, which he wrote in the presence of the children of Israel. And all Israel, and their elders, and officers, and their judges, stood on this side the ark and on that side before the priests the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of the [Eternal], as well the stranger, as he that was born among them; half of them over against mount Gerizim [the mount of blessings], and half of them over against mount Ebal [the mount of cursing]; as Moses the servant of the [Eternal] had commanded before, that they should bless the people of Israel. And afterward he read all the words of the law, the blessings and cursings, according to all that is written in the book of the law. There was not a word of all that Moses commanded, which Joshua read not before all the congregation of Israel, with the women, and the little ones, and the strangers that were conversant among them." (Joshua 8:30-35)

So, all the ones that could understand speech, he got up there and did exactly what he had been told. He was totally and utterly faithful as he went into the land. God could see the attitude of mind very early on, from the time of the spies. But even before that time of the spies He could see a frame of mind that was there that he was going to be faithful all the way through. Notice in Joshua 11:15 says:

"As the [Eternal] commanded Moses his servant, so did Moses command Joshua, and so did Joshua; he left nothing undone of all that the [Eternal] commanded Moses." (Joshua 11:15)

So, everything that was specified as far as Moses was concerned - as the Word of the Eternal - he was faithful to that. He also had his own 'Word of the Eternal' because the Eternal - as the Messenger, as the Angel - Christ was actually dealing with him. The two Words were absolutely coherent, they were both the same. It is the same today. We can read this Book; we can see the things that are going on in the world. We can apply it to what is going on right now. We can also go back to the words of Mr Herbert Armstrong, which are the same, and we can also go back to the words of the apostles and the prophets and the whole thing is one continuous Word. One continuous Word from this time all the way back. In Joshua 11:23 it says:

"So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the [Eternal] said unto Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance unto Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. And the land rested from war." (Joshua 11:23)

So, we see here, faithfully following what has been given to him to do. Just go back to Deuteronomy 20:15, notice what the command was to Israel as a whole as they went into the land:

"Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities which are very far off from thee, which are not of the cities of these nations [he is giving some instances of how to treat prisoners and so on of the cities that were some distance away]. But of the cities of these people, which the [Eternal] thy God doth give thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth [nothing; it was to be totally, utterly, wiped out]: But thou shalt utterly destroy them; namely, the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the [Eternal] thy God hath commanded thee [the whole area of Canaan was to be totally wiped clean, they were to execute everything that breathed, it was all to be put to death]: That they teach you not to do after all their abominations, which they have done unto their gods; so should ye sin against the [Eternal] your God." (Deuteronomy 20:15-18)

So, this was the instruction. Remember, the Canaanites – Canaan was a son of Ham, also he was the grandfather of Nimrod. They were of the same ethnic stock as Nimrod. It was Babylon. So, you are looking at the same kind of thinking, the same direction of life. If we turn back to Judges 1:28 in the book of Judges - which is a catalogue of errors - I want you to notice what actually happened. (Judges 2 is almost like an inset chapter regarding Joshua and regarding his dealings with God, but Judges 1 describes what actually happened:)

"And it came to pass, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly drive them out." (Judges 1:28)

They wanted slaves. So, rather than go and have any war or go and buy slaves from outside, these Canaanites will do. We will go ahead and have slaves of the Canaanites. Specifically, totally disobedient to what had been said. Judges 1:29:

"Neither did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer; but the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them. Neither did Zebulun drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanites dwelt among them, and became tributaries. Neither did Asher drive out the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants of Zidon, nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib, nor of Helbah, nor of Aphik, nor of Rehob [one after the other]: But the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: for they did not drive them out. Neither did Naphtali drive out the inhabitants of Bethshemesh, nor the inhabitants of Bethanath; but he dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: nevertheless the inhabitants of Bethshemesh and of Bethanath became tributaries unto them." (Judges 1:29-33)

So, they wanted them to go ahead and give them some money. They wanted them to be slaves. They deliberately disobeyed.

After Joshua Died (PLAY FROM 1:01:16)

Here in Judges 2:7:....

"And the people served the [Eternal] all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of the [Eternal], that he did for Israel [ i.e. the people that were there, that knew what had actually happened]. And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the [Eternal], died, being an hundred and ten years old. And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnathheres, in the mount of Ephraim, on the north side of the hill Gaash. And also all that generation were gathered unto their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the [Eternal], nor yet the works which he had done for Israel. And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the [Eternal], and served Baalim [they served the lords of that area]: And they forsook the [Eternal] God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people Why? Because they had been disobedient in getting rid of the people in the previous chapter] that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the [Eternal] to anger. And they forsook the [Eternal], and served Baal and Ashtaroth." (Judges 2:7-13)

Baal, which basically is the sun god, it's Mithras. It's where we get Christmas from, not necessarily the word Christmas, but Mithras' birthday was the 25th of December. They served Mithras, and they served Baal and Ashtaroth, from which we get the word Easter, or Ishtar, again the Spring goddess. These two primary pagan deities, the male deity and the female deity; Christmas and Easter, which is the classic ones that we've got today. They served these two deities. They polluted themselves.

This happened as soon as he and the people that were with him, the elders that were with him, died. They went straight off. Turn over to Matthew 1:21 it says:

"And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name [Joshua, Jesus Christ. The word 'Jesus' in Greek is the same word as 'Joshua' in Hebrew]: for he shall save his people from their sins. Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us." (Matthew 1:21-23)

It is God that will save. Joshua is Yahweh Hoshea will save. It's interesting that when we look at Matthew 24:42 coming into our time today. We find a time where it says:

"Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come. But know this, that if the goodman of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched, and would not have suffered his house to be broken up. Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh. Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season [giving the food as he has been taught, that is what we are about, that is what we have got to be about]? Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing [it goes right the way through to the very return of Christ]. Verily I say unto you, That he shall make him ruler over all his goods. But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming [it is not now to go down to the Kingdom of God, it is not now to inherit the promises that have been given to us]; And shall begin to smite his fellowservants [attack one another], and to eat and drink with the drunken;" (Matthew 24:42-49)

The Babylonish system, the gods of the land. They go down and they will keep Christmas and Easter just the same way as they did in ancient Israel as well. We've seen that, we've seen that in the very Church itself and to whatever degree. Remember the attitude of mind of Joshua. It was that he was wholly unto the Eternal. He was wholly in the direction he should have gone. Turn over to Revelation 18:3 where it says:

"For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies. And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues." (Revelation 18:3-4)

We do not go down the route that happened as far as the people that were left in the land after Joshua. Joshua was wholly to the Eternal. We have got to be the same way. We have got to have the same kind of Spirit and frame of mind that was there. We have got to be according to the Living Word of God. Taught by that Living Word; being faithful to the way that Word was delivered to us. Revelation 18:5:

"For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities. Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double." (Revelation 18:5-6)

That makes you wonder whether in fact that the one in ten of Israel that there will be left ; how many will there be of the Beast power? Will there be one in a hundred, or one in twenty? What is double to her double? It is going to be double to her double. Down in Revelation 18:20:

"Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her. And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all." (Revelation 18:20-21)

So, the entirety of Babylon is to be utterly destroyed. Just the same way as it was told to Joshua, "Go in there, and everything that breathes, take it out." Because He knew that if you go in there and you leave something, it is going to be like a festering sore. It will destroy the very nation; and, it did destroy the nation. When we look here at this Joshua, this Jesus the Christ, in Revelation 19:11:

"And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True [the same kind of characteristics that Joshua had], and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God. And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS." (Revelation 19:11-16)

This King of kings, this Lord of lords that will in fact take Israel into the Promised Land physically, and take spiritual Israel into the Promised Land - spiritually and physically - His name also is Joshua. His name also is just what Joshua of old was - that 'The Eternal will save'.